Introduction to Panchayat Raj Institutions (P.R.I.s) in the State of Bihar.


P.R.I.s are mainly financed by grants from Central Govt. besides recurring and nonrecurring grants released by the State Govt. and their own sources of revenue. State Govt. yet to notify minimum and maximum rates of taxes to be imposed by P.S.s and G.P.s so as to enable them to augment their sources of revenue. P.R.I.s yet to start preparation of Annual Accounts. Hence utilisation of grants and other funds could not be fully vouched. Budget and financial management in P.R.I.s State Govt. yet to frame rules regarding time and process to be followed for preparation of budget estimates. All the 48 P.S.s and 196 GPs covered in this audit did not prepare budget estimates and none of the P.R.I.s prepared Annual Accounts for the year up to 2007.

All the P.R.I.s were maintaining several cash books in place of one and the transactions covered in several cash books were not compiled, which resulted in non-depiction of the actual position of finance. In six Z.P.s, where the closing balance of cash book and bank accounts were available, a comparison of the two sets of figures revealed a discrepancy of Rs. 10.38 crore. In 33 P.S.s the total discrepancy noticed was to the tune of Rs. 9.79 crore. (Para 2.5.2) Rupees 90.17 lakh was diverted by Z.P.s Bhagalpur and Bhojpur during 2003-04 to 2006-07 out of Tenth, Eleventh, Twelfth F.C. and SGRY Grants for other purposes and Rs. 41.21 lakh was diverted by PS Runni Saidpur from the SGRY fund between January 2004 to March 2004 in M.L.A. Schemes.

Major irregularities in Execution of Schemes

5.1 Common lapses in the maintenance of records relating to the execution of
The PRIs were executing works against grants received under 10th FC, 11th FC,
12th FC, SGRY, NREGA/BREGA, MP/MLA/MLC funds. The records of
execution in 12 ZP, 48 PS and 196 GP showed the following shortcomings:
(i) Scheme Registers were not maintained and not produced to audit by the
PRIs in respect of works executed under each type of grant. The
deficiency was noticed in all 12 Zila Parishads.
(ii) The work orders for developmental works were either not issued or even if
issued, the time required for completion was not indicated.
(iii) The work completion certificate was not furnished by the JE/AE.
(iv) The executing agents purchased materials separately for each work and
these were not entered in the material at site account or stock register. The
analysis of materials purchased and consumed was not prepared either in
final bills or in the measurement book.
(v) Photographic records of the works of the various stages of implementation
as required under various schemes were not kept.
(vi) Records of monitoring and supervision of works were not kept due to
which it could not be ascertained whether monitoring and supervision of
works was done or not.
(vii) Asset Register showing assets created out of the execution of different
development works and containing the details of the date of
commencement, date of completion, cost involved, benefits derived and
employment generated etc. were not maintained by any of the PRIs
audited during 2007­08 despite the execution of a large number of development
(viii) Employment Register showing the period of engagement of labourers, the position of employment to women and the total number of labourers
employed in a year was not maintained by any PRIs.
(ix) Muster Roll sheets were not stitched and numbered and the sheets were
certified only by the Junior Engineers who were the executing agents and

these were not certified by any elected member of Gram Panchayat in
whose area the works were executed.
(x) Advance Ledger was not maintained despite payment of repeated
advances to the executing agents. This was depicted in the scheme register but
a clear position of the adjustment of advances was not mentioned in the
scheme register. Many of the works were shown physically completed but
the scheme register did not depict the position of adjustment of advances
and in Zila Parishads where adjustments were made, it was done by the
District Engineer himself and not by the DDC cum CEO who is the
drawing and disbursing officer.

5.2 Poor progress of works estimated to Rs.138.10 crore in 256 PRIs

5.2.1 The following is an abstract of works undertaken for execution and
completed in 12 Zila Parishads up to March 2007 test checked based on
information furnished and collected in audit.

From the above table, it is apparent that the position of overall completion
of works was 67 per cent only and 3215 works were estimated to cost Rs. 46.91 crore
remained incomplete despite payment of advances of Rs. 25.40 crore. Though, the
works were required to be completed within one to three months, due to
ineffective monitoring and supervision, 33 per cent of works remained incomplete.

5.2.2 The following is an abstract of works undertaken for execution and works
completed during 2001­02 to 2006­07 based on records made available to audit in
48 Panchayat Samitis. (As of 31st March 2007)

From the above, it would be evident that the completion of works was 73
per cent and 4163 works estimated at Rs 70.04 crore remained incomplete despite
payment of the advance of Rs. 32.55 crore. Though the works were required to be
completed within one to three months, due to ineffective monitoring and
supervision, 27 per cent of works remained incomplete.
5.2.3 The following is an abstract of works undertaken for execution and works
completed during 2001­02 to 2006­07 as far as records made available in 194
Gram Panchayats. The position of execution of works was not made available by
Bhagirathipur Gram Panchayat under Kalyanpur Panchayat Samiti and Bhadsar
Gram Panchayat under Piro Panchayat Samiti

From the above, it would be evident that against 16106 works undertaken for
execution, only 14087 works were completed and 2019 works were estimated to Rs
21.15 crore remained incomplete despite payment of the advance of Rs. 5.78 crore
(amount involved could not be ascertained in two GPs Chak Rajopatti under
Dumra PS and Thumma under Runnisaidpur PS due to non-production of

5.3 Advance not recovered to the tune of Rs 36.06 lakh in nine Panchayat

In a large number of works, advances were paid (cash and food grain) to the
executing agents for execution of works but the works were not started and in
several cases works were closed/postponed/abandoned midway but advances paid
were not recovered. The scrutiny of records of nine Panchayat Samitis disclosed
that advance of Rs 36.06 lakh paid for the execution of 147 works remained
unrecovered as detailed below:

5.4 Major irregularities in execution of SGRY schemes

5.4.1 Partial execution of schemes resulting in fruitless expenditure of Rs. 41.18 lakh and non-recovery of the excess advance of Rs. 47.09 lakh through EAP/SGRY schemes

Test check of records of three Panchayat Samitis disclosed that the works undertaken were closed midway without assigning any reasons for closure. In respect of 49 works estimated to cost Rs 132.48 lakh, the advance was paid to the tune of Rs 88.27 lakh while the value of work done was merely Rs 41.18 lakh and the excess advance of Rs. 47.09 lakh paid to the executing agents was not recovered. Moreover due to partial execution of works the value of work done of Rs 41.18 lakh also became fruitless due to non completion of works as detailed in table below:

The above indicated ineffective monitoring of works executed by the Executive Officers of Panchayat Samiti leading to partial completion of works. Further, the amount of advance lying with the Executing agents needs to be recovered at the earliest.

5.4.2 Wasteful expenditure of Rs 26.56 lakh in two PSs and one ZP 13 SGRY works (scheme no 18 of 2002­03,1,13,14,21,23,30,31and 40 of 2003­04,5 of 2004­05 and 2,5 and 8 of 2005­06) estimated at Rs 21.10 lakh were undertaken for execution by PS Phulwarisharif and an advance of Rs 16.66 lakh was paid for the execution of above works. The total value of work done was
Rs.12.85 lakh and none of the works were completed rendering the expenditure hitherto wasteful. Further, the excess amount of advance lying with the executing agents to the tune of Rs 3.81 lakh was not recovered as of 31 March 2007. SGRY scheme was replaced by the NREGS scheme from 2005­06 and all the works of SGRY which were incomplete were to be completed by 30.06.2006. The PS Hathua, however, undertook the execution of 38 SGRY Schemes after June 2006. Out of these 35 schemes estimated to Rs, 30.72 lakh remained incomplete despite the expenditure of Rs 9.84 lakh, which was released as advance. Due to the paucity of
funds, no further release of payment could be done on the works. As no further fund would be available under SGRY, the expenditure of Rs 9.84 lakh thus incurred became wasteful. Zila Parishad, Khagaria undertook the construction of PCC road in Parbatta. The work was split up into 2 parts of 800 feet each being SGRY Scheme No 39/02­ 03 estimating Rs 7.82 lakh and 40/02­03 estimating Rs 7.59 lakh. The execution of both works was entrusted to a peon, a non-technical staff of ZP in January 2003 and he was paid an advance of Rs 3.87 lakh (cash and grain) for both the works. District Magistrate ordered (April 2003) to stop the work on the basis of the report of SDO, Gogri that this is causing a law and order problem and the scheme is beneficial only to Mukhia and his relatives. As per the Measurement Book earth filling and brick soling was done in 543 feet in scheme No 39/02­03 and in Scheme No 40/02­03 only earth filling was done in 772 feet. The executing agents submitted vouchers of Rs 0.65 lakh in respect of scheme no 39/02­03 and no vouchers submitted against Scheme No 40/02­03. The position of the total amount payable against the advance of Rs 3.87 lakh was, neither worked out nor the excess amount of advance was recovered. Due to the closure of the work after partial completion, the payment of Rs 3.87 lakh became wasteful due to the selection of the site of work without spot verification and ascertainment of the number of beneficiaries involved.

5.4.3 Infructuous expenditure of Rs 10.14 lakh on account of the postponement of works due to land dispute

Execution of 10 SGRY works in PS Runi Saidpur (Scheme no 6 and 16 of 2001­ 02, 11, 41, 42 and 47 of 2002­03, 15,19 and 44 of 2003­04 and 99 of 2005­06) estimated at Rs 15.82 lakh had to be stopped after incurring an expenditure of Rs 10.14 lakh due to land dispute on the spot of construction. This showed that due care was not taken at the time of finalisation of the scheme and preparing of estimates to selected undisputed plots for the execution of works. This resulted in closure of works midway and incurring an infructuous expenditure of Rs 10.14 lakh

5.4.1        Substandard construction of Earthen road

  • Zila Parishad, Bettiah executed 10 earthen road (SGRY Scheme No 152 of 2002­03, 716, 758, and 982 of 03­04; 267, 356, 498, 673, 697 and 770 of 2004­

05) at a cost of Rs 14.71 lakh without compaction of earth as there was no provision of compaction in the estimate of works. The execution of works was

done by the same Junior Engineers who had prepared the estimates so the shortcomings in estimates were not pointed out by the authority.

  • In Panchayat Samiti, Vaikunthpur three SGRY works (Scheme No 26, 29 and 32 of 2005­06) of earth filling between 1050 ft. to 1700 ft. of road was executed at a cost of Rs 0.99 lakh but compaction of earth was not done as it was not provided at all in the estimates.

Further, it was noticed that in nine SGRY works (Scheme No. 21, 23, 24, 25, 34,

35, 36, 37 and 38 of 2005­06) earth filling was done between 1000 feet to 1816 feet but the compaction of earth and brick soling work was done merely in 100 feet only each. Total payment made in these works was of Rs. 3.83 lakh. So against total filling of earth over a distance to 13088 feet, compaction and brick soling was done in 900 feet road portion only. The earthen roads, which were prepared without compaction of earth filled were substandard which will get damaged easily and serve no purpose.

5.4.2      Muster Rolls with same names

In Ujiyarpur and Parihar Panchayat Samiti and Patna and Katihar Zila Parishad, it was noticed during scrutiny of muster rolls that in the undermentioned schemes the engagement of same labourers was shown twice, thrice and four times in the same period.

Table-23 Details of Muster Rolls

Sl. No.Name of Panchayat SamitiScheme No.Period of engagement of laborersNo. of names of appearing more than once
1UjiyarpurSGRY 9/03­0416.06. 04 to 22.06.0410 thrice and one twice
30.06.04 to 06.07.04one labourer shown twice
01.07.04 to 07.07.0402 laboures shown thrice
2PariharSGRY 13/02­0303.06.03to 09.06.0309 labourers twice and 05 laboures thrice 02 labourers four times
SGRY 37/02­0326.09.03 to 02.10.0304 labourers twice
01.02.04 to 07.02.0404 labourers twice
26.09.03 to 02.10.0304 labourers twice
01.02.04 to 07.02.0409 labourers twice one labourer thrice one labourer four times
3Zila Parishad PatnaSGRY 306/03­0401.12.04 to 07.12.0410 labourers thrice
02.02.05 to 08.02.0510 labourers thrice
4Zila Parishad KatiharSGRY 23/03­0405.03.04 to 11.03.0419 labourers twice
SGRY 14/03­0427.02.04 to 08.05.0409 labourers thrice and one labourer twice

The above facts showed that Muster Rolls were not genuine as names of same labourers were shown twice, thrice and four times in the Muster Rolls in order to claim more money (Cash plus grain). In the above cases there were excess payments of minimum of Rs 9266.70 (@Rs 58.65 per day) to fake persons. While the excess payment would be more because cost of grain was recovered at the subsidised rate but grain was actually not distributed to such fake labourers. This irregularity was rendered possible as the Muster Roll was prepared by the executing agents and disbursement of wages was not certified by any public representative or officers of the PS and the ZP.

5.4.3        Diversion of funds earmarked for SC/ST beneficiaries to the tune of Rs. 18.68 crore

As per para 1.5 of the SGRY guidelines 22.5 percent of the fund, received for execution of SGRY Scheme is required to be spent on works for the benefit of the SC/ST community. It was noticed that out of grant of Rs 125.50 crore received by seven ZPs and 16 PSs during the year 2001­02 to 2006­07, only Rs 9.56 crore (7.62%) was utilised for the purpose by six ZPs and 15 PSs against an earmarked amount of Rs 28.24 crore. Thus the grant to the tune of Rs 18.68 crore meant for execution of works for specific benefit of SC/ST community was diverted towards the execution of general schemes which resulted in violation of the guidelines ibid and depriving of the SC/ST beneficiaries from the desired benefit. (Appendix­XI)

5.4.4        Non Completion of construction of 81 workshop buildings meant for the benefit of SC/ST beneficiaries under SGRY Grant

Zila Parishad Gopalganj released Rs 36.40 lakh to the District Engineer for construction of 134 workshop buildings (65 buildings @ Rs 25000/­each in 2005­ 06 and 69 buildings @ Rs. 29200/­ each in 2006­07) for the benefit of SC/ST beneficiaries earmarked under SGRY grant @ 22.5 percent of the grant. The District Engineer paid an advance of Rs 14.49 lakh in cash and 242.15 quintals food grains valuing Rs 1.53 lakh for execution of 81 works. None of the works was, however, completed despite payment of Rs.16.02 lakh. In addition, the District Engineer also withheld release of further amount of Rs 14.43 lakh for execution of remaining 53 works. Non­completion of workshop buildings deprived the SC/ST beneficiaries from self­employment opportunities by utilising these for their desired trade. Lack of monitoring and supervision of works resulted in such wasteful expenditure.    Unfruitful outlay on works undertaken without provision of funds

The Chakai P.S. undertook execution of 262 works under National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme at an estimated cost of Rs.7.69 crore while the fund available was merely Rs.3.12 crore. As a result, none of the schemes/works was completed despite payment of a sum of Rs. 2.16 crore and the possibility of their completion was remote   as additional advances were not released and only Rs. 71.51 lakh balance remained with the Panchayat Samiti as on 31.03.2007, while total fund required was of Rs 5.54 crore.Due to bad planning of authorities, such a large number of works were undertaken for execution without ensuring position of fund available.

Audit scrutiny further revealed that out of 262 works execution of 206 works were entrusted to seven non technical officers and staff as detailed below:

(Rs. in lakh)

Sl. No.Name of the Executing agentNo of works entrustedEstimated cost of the worksAdvance Paid
1Block Animal Husbandry Officer62182.2683.14
2Block Co operative Extension Officer50153.8829.58
3Block Agricultural Officer3187.0741.09
4Revenue Clerk1954.1118.15
5Panchayat Sewak1344.659.90
6Block Statistical Supervisor1843.5912.89
7Block Welfare Officer1335.5413.16

Entrustment of execution of such a large number of works to a few persons clearly indicates poor planning on the part of Panchayat Samiti.    Wasteful expenditure of Rs. 35.36 lakh

In PS Koilwar 111 schemes of SGRY (59 of 2004­05 and 52 of 2005­06) estimated at Rs 1.24 crore were undertaken for execution against the available fund of Rs. 75.21 lakh inclusive of grains (Rs 21.20 lakh in 2004­05 and Rs.54.01 lakh in 2005­06) which resulted in non completion of 48 schemes (25 of 2004­05 and 23 of 2005­06) despite advance payment of Rs 35.36 lakh.

As the SGRY programme had already been closed in June 2006 and replaced by “National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme” the possibility of release of fund for execution of these works remained very remote.

This denotes bad planning and inadequate financial management as the entire expenditure of Rs 35.36 lakh on 48 schemes/works would prove futile due to their non­completion.

5.4.9        Irregularities in Food grain Account

  • Stock of grain lying unutilised valued at Rs. 5.67 crore

Food grain was to be issued at subsidised rate for execution of schemes under SGRY as part of wage component. The table below shows that at the end of March 2007 a closing Stock of 45345.29 quintals was lying in 13 Panchayat Samitis and two Zila Parishads as per Stock Register maintained by the PS and ZPs. This quantity of food grain was actually remaining with the PDS dealers. The SGRY work ended in June 2006 and replaced by new scheme NREGS in which food grains is not to be issued. Due to lack of timely utilisation of grain for distribution under SGRY works, wastage of Rs. 5.67 crore on double issue rate (@ Rs. 1250/­ per quintal) is anticipated on this account.


Details of stock of food grain lying with PDS dealers

Sl. No.Name of the UnitsQuantity in quintals
1P.S. Koilwar1807.523
9P.S.Bagaha I184.71
10P.S.Bagaha II537.75
15Z.P. Bettiah14333.22

3 1197.33 quintals as per stock Register and 610.19 quintals, returned by the Executing Agents in respect of 13 SGRY works of 05­06

4 Shown transferred in February 2007 in NREGS

5 Case lodged in May 2006 against two PDS dealers for non issue of 1831.31 quintals grains to Executing Agents.

Reasons for non­utilisation of food grain were not made available to audit by the concerned Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishads, neither there was certificate of physical verification of stock regarding quantity and quality of food grains.    Short depiction of closing stock valued at Rs. 74.28 lakh in four Panchayat Samitis

In four Panchayat Samitis there was short depiction of closing stock to the extent of 5942.21 quintals as detailed below:

(In Quintals)

Sl. No.Name     of P.S.Period of lifting of grainQuantity of       grain lifted      by PDS dealersQuantity of       grain issued      to Executing AgentsBalance of stockBalance actually shown in              stock Register        of P.S.Quantity of stockless depicted
1Shahpur2002­03 to 2006­ 0713114.105006.848107.263570.744536.52

No action was taken by the Executives to detect the reasons for short depiction of closing stock and take appropriate action to rectify errors of PDS dealers. The less exhibition by 5942.21 quintals stock resulted in loss of revenue of Rs. 74.28 lakh (@ Rs. 1250/­ per quintal).    Fake issue of grains and resultant loss to the tune of Rs. 8.62 lakh in Panchayat Samitis Manjha and Bihta

Issue of 687.79 quintal rice in PS Manjha (431.42 quintal) and PS Bihta, (256.37 quintal) was not entered in scheme register and payment file as detailed below:


Details of fake issue of food grains

(In Quintals)

Sl. No.Name of Panchayat SamitiTotal number    of worksQuantity shown to have been issuedPeriod of issue
1.PS Manjha15431.422003­04 to 2005­06
2.PS Bihta9256.372002­03 to 2003­04

(Details in Appendix­XII)

Above 24 works were estimating to cost of Rs.29.70 lakh and the total value of work done was of Rs. 27.36 lakh. If value of grain of 687.79 quintals, Rs.4.31

lakh (@Rs.627/quintal) is added then the total payment would be of Rs.31.67 lakh.As the issue shown in above cases was fake the loss of stock at double issue rate amounted to Rs. 8.62 lakh.    Grains issued in excess of requirement under SGRY works leading to loss of Rs.15.55 lakh in Panchayat Samiti Koilwar

In P.S. Koilwar, 1950 quintals of food grains valuing Rs. 12.23 lakh was issued to the executing agents for execution of six SGRY works (Scheme No. 37, 39, 40, 41, 45 & 46 of 2005­06) estimated at Rs. 12.60 lakh. The value of work done was merely Rs. 4.45 lakh and the supporting vouchers (purchase vouchers and Muster Rolls) were not yet submitted. As per SGRY guidelines, minimum 25 percent of the wages was to be paid in cash but no cash was released to the executing agents, hence, assuming that 709.84 quintals grains valuing Rs. 4.45 lakh was distributed amongst labourers, there was excess release of 1240.16 quintals grains valuing Rs.7.78 lakh. Neither the works were completed nor the excess stock of 1240.16 quintals lying with the executing agents was recovered. As the rate charged for grain from the executing agents was at the subsidised rate of Rs. 627/­ per quintal the undue benefit given to the executing agents thus worked out to Rs.15.55 lakh (at double of issue rate) which was a loss to the PS fund.    Misappropriation of food grain under SGRY work

In four Panchayat Samiti the food grain was depicted as issued after completion of SGRY works and at the time of final payment as detailed below:

(in Quintal)

Sl. No.Name of the P.SQuantity of grain issuedParticulars of workRemarks
1Paliganj1119.7068 SGRY WorksGrain issued paymentatthetimeoffinal
2Bathnaha30.05SGRY Scheme No. 23 of 2004­05Grain issued on 01.02.06 while the scheme completed in May 2005
3Parihar73.45SGRY 13/04­05SchemeNo.Grain issued between May 2005 to July 2005 while the labourers engaged between 09.12.04 to 07.02.05
71.1543/02­03Grain    issued   between   06.08.04   to 31.10.05 while the labourers engaged between 17.05.03 to 26.03.2004.
4Manjha243.915 Schemes (27 of 02­03, 11 and 16 of 03­04, 44 of 04­05and 33 of 05­ 06.Grain issued after completion of works

In SGRY works, food grain was to be issued to the labourers at subsidised rate as a part of wage component in order to improve the nutritional level of the labowers but issue of food grain after completion of work clearly denoted that food grain was not distributed amongst labourers and misappropriated by the executing agents. The executing agents were thus given undue benefit because the cost of grain was recovered at the subsidised rate while the purchase price was more than the double rate. Even if calculated at double issue rate (Rs. 1250/­ per quintal (­) cost recovered @ Rs. 625/­ per quintal) a benefit of Rs. 9.61 lakh was provided to executing agents.

  • In P.S Koilwar surplus stocks of grain of SGRY (Special Component) of

835.35 quintals was deposited in November 2006 with a PDS dealer with the direction to sell the grain at non­subsidised rate and deposit the sale proceeds in

Text Box: 5.5	Major irregularities in execution of NREGA scheme

P.S. fund. The dealer has not deposited any amount so far. Thus, Rs. 10.70 lakh (@ double issue rate of Rs. 1254/­ per quintal) was lost by the P.S. as further action for recovery was not taken which appears to be a case of fraud as no case was lodged against the PDS dealer for the recovery of amount.

5.5.1        Duplication of works in Chakai Panchayat Samiti

In Chakai Panchayat Samiti of Jamui District an inquiry was conducted by District Planning Officer and Asstt. Engineer in May and June 2007 regarding execution of certain schemes of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme taken up for execution in 2006­07. The inquiry revealed that there was doubling of schemes in five cases (scheme no 92 and 132 of 2006­07, 58 and 143 of 2006­

07, 72 and 235 of 2006­07, 124 and 163 of 2006­07 and 187 and 193 of 2006­07).

For the same work two separate estimates were prepared without verifying the site, separate scheme files prepared and work allotted to two separate executing agencies and all were paid advances for the work. Measurement Book of above 10 works was not produced neither to the Inquiring Officer nor to audit. Further, in two other schemes (scheme no. 133 and 186 of 06­07) it was stated by the villagers to the Inquiry Officer that the works were already executed by the Gram Panchayats.

Against estimated cost of Rs.36.75 lakh of above 12 works, Rs. 8.68 lakh was advanced to the executing agents. Against this, the Inquiry Officer noticed that work done was to the tune of Rs. 1.32 lakh in one work (72/06­07) and in another work earth filling made in 2200 feet and morum spread in 1100 feet (124/06­07). An amount of Rs.60000/­ was recovered from the executing agents (scheme no.

132, 235, 187, 194, 133 and 186 of 06­07) and entered in Cash Book but not deposited in the Bank Account. As none of the schemes was completed, the advance of Rs. 8.08 lakh has become infructuous vide details shown in Appendix­ XIII to the report.

5.5.2        Fraud in execution of works of NREGA in Panchayat Samiti Barhara

PS Barhara undertook execution of two works as detailed below:

Sl. No.Scheme no.Particulars
11/05­06Digging of pond near Rampur patha. Estimated cost Rs.1.63 lakh
27/06­07Earth filling around Block office. Revised estimate Rs. 4.12 lakh

On the basis of allegations made by the villagers regarding irregularities in execution of above works the D.D.C. Bhojpur constituted an Inquiry Committee consisting of 3 Engineers, who inspected the site on 04.02.2006 and found that 86169 cft earth excavated from pond was utilised in earth filling work around Block Office but for that work the executing agents, also submitted bill of Rs.1.88 lakh on account of supply and carriage of earth by Tractor. The D.D.C ordered that Rs. 4.11 lakh paid in scheme no. 7/06­07 may be recovered from the Assistant Engineer, Junior Engineer, B.D.O. and the executing agents, against which Rs. 2.56 lakh was deposited by the AE / JE and the executing agent in DRDA fund instead of PS fund.

Text Box: 5.6	Advances of Rs 87.07 Crore remained unadjusted

Due to collusion of executing agent with JE/AE, fake bills were prepared for scheme No.07/06­07.

The basic records viz Advance Ledger and list of outstanding advances, were not maintained by the PRIs. Advance Ledger maintained by the Zila Parishad contained only position of advances paid out of P.L. account which mostly related to general purposes and not for execution of schemes though advances were paid frequently out of Finance Commission Grants, EAS/SGRY, NREGS, MP / MLA fund etc. In the absence of Advance Ledger and list of outstanding advances the complete picture of advances and agewise break up   of   advances remained unadjusted were not ascertainable. In violation of rule 90 of BPS&ZP(B&A)R,1964 the authorities of PRIs continued to pay second, third and fourth advance to a work without ensuring adjustment of first or earlier advance. As a result of this, amount of outstanding advances went on mounting. On the basis of Advance Ledger of P.L. Account, Cash Books and Scheme Registers of

12 Zila Parishads it was noticed that against outstanding advance of Rs 50.13 crore adjustment of advance was made merely of Rs 1.39 crore and unadjusted advance remained of Rs 48.74 crore as of March 2007 as detailed in Table below:


Position of unadjusted advances in Zila Parishad

(Rs. in lakh)

Sl. No.Name of Zila ParishadPeriodAdvance paidAdvance AdjustedBalanceRemarks
1Bettiah2002-03 2006-07to1042.12NIL1042.12SRY-113.48, SGRY-719.54, Xth, XIth & XIIth-78.70, BREGS- 130.40
2Bhagalpur2003-04 2006-07to6.75NIL6.75Advance from P/L Account
3Bhojpur2003-04 2006-07to1.65NIL1.65Advance contigencypaidfromSGRY
4Gopalganj2003-04 2006-07to0.56NIL0.56Advance contigencypaidfromSGRY
5Jamui2004-05 2006-07to0.44NIL0.44Advance paid from P/L Account
6Katihar2003-04 2006-07to11.85  NIL11.85Advance from P.L. Account
7Khagaria2003-04 2006-07to415.58NIL415.58P/L A/C-0.45, XIth-6.91, XIIth- 3.20, SGRY-392.75, NREGA- 19.18
8Motihari2004-05 2006-07to61.37NIL61.37Advance from P.L. Account and XIIth FC
9Patna2004-05 2006-07to2354.54NIL2354.54Rs. 1081.57 lakh upto 03-04 and further advance paid Rs 1273.97 lakh
10Purnea2004-05 2006-07to171.742.75168.99P.L. Account and others
11Samastipur2004-05 2006-07to90.81NIL90.81From P.L. Account and others
12Sitamarhi2004-05 2006-07to855.65136.35719.30P.L. Account, Xth & XI FC and SGRY.

The mounting position of advance clearly reflects that the authorities did not take effective steps for adjustments/recovery of advance and remained only interested in granting advances to few executing agents particularly the Asstt Engineers, Junior Engineers, Office Assistants etc.

In 48 Panchayat Samitis and 196 Gram Panchayats advance to the tune of Rs

38.33 crore (Rs 32.55 crore in PS and Rs 5.78 crore in GPs) remained unadjusted, which was paid for execution of works as detailed in Appendix IX and X. Effective steps for adjustment / recovery of advances by the BDO of the PS and Mukhias of the GPs were not taken.

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